In the economy, a protocol is generally a legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties that defines the terms and modalities of mutual understanding or agreement and notes the requirements and responsibilities of each party – without concluding a formal and legally enforceable contract (although a MoU is often a first step towards the development of a formal contract).   As noted above, a contract is a legal document. In its simplest words, it is a declaration of an agreement between or between two or more parties, which involves an “exchange of value.” It may be money or there may be an exchange of goods, services, space or any other commodity. If there is an agreement to provide something in exchange for something else, it is considered a contract. This may be as minor a problem as changing a budget item (for which you may already have a procedure in the contract – see above) or changing all the content of the activity that is covered by the treaty. In general, such changes should require the agreement of both parties and some negotiations are likely to take place. An agreement is an expressive consent. It shows that the parties have reached an agreement and are making progress. Although not legally binding, it is a serious explanation for the impending treaty. A contract may or may not be written, although a written contract is clearer and much easier to implement than an oral contract, because a written document facilitates proof of the existence of a contract. It is not necessary to characterize it as a contract if it is clear that both parties intend to have a formal document and that it is a reflection. It can be extremely simple as long as the intent is clear. (For $500.00, Fred Smith will paint the exterior of John Jones` barn with all the coverings, window wings, doors and window and door frames and edges with two red varnishes.) If you work with other groups, hire consultants or hire organizations to provide services for you or your target audience, it will often be helpful to “receive them in writing.” This section helps you read the two types of documents most organizations need in their dealings with others, and create contracts and memorandas of the agreement.
The development of a memorandum is generally much easier than the development of a treaty, as is the case with the reading of a memorandum. However, the Box Tool recommends that you approach the process in the same way and seek as much clarity and specificity as possible. In this way, there will be no misunderstandings or bad feelings about what the agreement entails. This result is even more likely if you and other parties to the agreement design it together. Tool Box believes that most small organizations, whether they design contracts or agreements, have already discussed the terms with the contractor or signatories and that there will be no surprises for anyone in the final document. This type of open and collaborative process makes everyone`s life easier and increases the chances that the terms of the contract or agreement will be respected. Even if a Memorandum of Understanding is legally unenforceable, both sides promise to cooperate in one way or another.